High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Both primary and secondary hypertension can be referred to simply as these two conditions. The primary difference is the source. The main difference between the two is that primary hypertension is caused by a medical condition and secondary hypertension occurs when there is no medical reason. You can check over here to find the best and effective treatment of hypertension.
The American Heart Association states that 5-10% of hypertension cases are secondary. This means that the patient suffers from an underlying condition that has led to high blood pressure. This is where treatment of secondary hypertension is key to controlling high blood pressure. Because hypertension can cause multiple complications, such as stroke or kidney failure, it is crucial to return blood pressure to normal.
These are the most common causes of secondary hypertension. Hypertension is usually caused by kidney disease that leads to kidney failure. High blood pressure can cause a narrowing of the arteries carrying blood to the kidneys, making it more difficult for blood to flow to these organs. Renovascular hypertension is a form of hypertension. This can usually be treated by surgery.
Pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism are three types of adrenal tumors that can cause secondary hypertension. These two types of adrenal tumors are more difficult to treat. Unfortunately, they don't always work well in lowering blood pressure. However, removing the pheochromocytoma will have a greater chance of treating hypertension.
Secondary hypertension can also be caused by hormonal imbalances, such as hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, or excessive production and underproduction of thyroid hormone. Hypertension can also be caused by the excessive production of growth hormones from the pituitary gland.
Hypertension can also be caused by a sleep disorder called sleep apnea. The condition causes a stoppage in breathing during sleep. Sleep apnea is easily treated with a device that keeps the airway open while sleeping. This reduces blood pressure.
Secondary hypertension can be caused by certain prescription drugs, including corticosteroids and cyclosporine. Blood pressure can also be increased by illegal drugs like cocaine and amphetamine.